Plumbing Safety Tips And Tricks

Plumbing is the art and science of creating and maintaining sanitary conditions in buildings used by humans. It is also the art and science of installing, repairing, and servicing in these same buildings a plumbing system that includes the pipes, fixtures, and appurtenances necessary for bringing in the water supply and removing liquid and water-carried waste.

The bathroom is not only the place where the “call of nature” is answered, but also the location utilized for privacy and showering (as well as dressing). A bathroom is a place where most of the plumbing is located in a house.

Bathrooms in large private homes were not unknown even in the eighteenth century.

Beautifully equipped marble bathrooms are still preserved in several European palaces and mansions. However, it was not until the nineteenth century that bathrooms in private homes became common place. Fixtures generally included a toilet, bidet, wash basin, bath, mirror, and shelves.

In the twentieth century, the equipping of bathrooms became a separate industry with a wide variety of special forms of bathroom furniture and fixtures. The materials used included porcelain, enamel, plastic, wood, and stainless steel.

People working with the installation and maintenance of bathrooms and kitchens are exposed to many dangers and safety hazards. Applying good common sense and following a few plumbing safety rules can prevent a great deal of personal injury.

Plumbing Safety Tips

Electric power tools with abrasive cutting wheels should be properly grounded. Wear eye protection and gloves.

When using a ladder, place the ladder base one-fourth of the ladder length away from the structure against which the ladder is leaning.

The maximum height for horses supporting scaffold plat-forms is 16 feet (4.88 m).

Vertical braces should be located every 8 feet (2.44 m)in trenches in hard, compact ground. Horizontal stringers in such soil conditions should be placed every 4 feet (1.22 m).

A good item to have on any job requiring the use of anopen flame is afire extinguisher. Open flames are used by plumbers in such tools as a Prestolite torch, a melting pottank, and welding equipment.

An approved carbon dioxide (CO2) or a dry-powderfire extinguisher is usually useful. The dry-powder CO2 extinguisher (which is actually composed of99 percent baking soda and 1 percent drying agent) is also one of the best agents to use when fighting fires in or around electrical equipment.

Plumbing Tips

The maximum spacing for rainwater leaders (downspouts) is 75 feet (23 m). The recommended standard is 150 square feet(14 square meters) of roof area to 1 square inch (6.5 cm2) of leader area.

The instrument for measuring relative humidity is called ahygrometer.

Bread can be packed in a water line to hold back water long enough to solder a joint where water continues to trickle, even if valves are shut off. The bread will dissolve when the water is turned on, and it can beflushed out of the systemeasily.

To replace a defective section or to add a fitting to a rigid pipeline, in most cases you will need to buckle the new portion back into the line in sections.

For cast-iron pipe with lead joints and hard copper tubing, three sections and four joints will be necessary.

On plastic pipe through 2 inches(51 mm), two sections 4 feet (122 cm) long and three joints will generally work. Fig. 2-1 shows an example of 2-inch (51 mm) plastic PVC pressure water line after it was repaired and reassembled.


Selecting a Suitable HVAC System

There are a number of different types of heating, ventilating, and air conditioning equipment and systems available for installation in the home. The problem is choosing the most efficient one in terms of the installation and operating costs. These factors, in turn, are directly related to one’s particular heating and cooling requirements.

The best HVAC system must be the correct size for the home. Any reputable building contractor or heating and air conditioning firm should be able to advise you in this matter.

If you are having a heating and ventilating or air conditioning system installed in an older house, be sure to check the construction. Weather stripping is the easiest place to start. All doors and windows should be weather stripped to prevent heat loss.

Adequate weather stripping can cut heating costs by as much as 15 to 20percent. If the windows provide suitable protection (they should be double or tripleglazed) from the winter cold, check the caulking around the edge of the glass.

If it is cracking or crumbling, replaceit with fresh caulking. You may even want to go to the expense of insulating the ceilings and outside walls. This is where a great dealof heat loss and air leakage occurs.

You have several advantages when you are building your own house. For example, you may be able to determine the location of your house on the lot. This should enable you to establish the direction in which the main rooms and largest windows face.

If you position your house so that these rooms and windows face south,you will gain maximum sunlight and heat from the sun during the cold winter months.

This will reduce the heat requirement and heating costs.

The quality of construction depends on how much you wish to spend and the reliability of the contractor. It is advisable to purchase the best insulation you can afford. Your reduced heating costs will eventually pay for the added cost of the insulation.

If you suspect that your building contractor cannot be trusted, you can reduce opportunities for cheating and careless work by making frequent and unexpected visits to the construction site.


Imagine the 1st cold day of the growing season. There’s a chill in the oxygen and you’re prepared to make a warm plate of soup and snuggle under a blanket. But first, you must turn on the furnace.

Even so, when you transformation the thermostat, nothing takes place. Your cozy, cool day is currently an HVAC crisis. Don’t let this eventually you! Instead, plan for cold months with preventative HVAC protection for your home.

While not all issues could be avoided with regular protection, many of enough time worn or broken parts are discovered to ensure repairs could be created before your system stops working.

Even so, understanding the most frequent HVAC issues, permits you to more effectively manage a broken unit.

Five Common Winter HVAC Problems

Common AC Problems in Winter

Dirty Air Filters

One of the simplest methods to keep your HVAC product healthy has been clean air filters. It’s problematic for the air to move through your HVAC product when air filter systems become clogged or filthy.

Not just that, but air filters are created to clean the oxygen before it enters your liveable space. When the air filter systems are dirty, the air quality in your house is compromised.

If you see that your home is not heating system properly or that your system is running longer to reach the desired temp, you may need to change your air filters. It’s recommended that home owners change or clean the HVAC air filters every one to three months.

Clean your air filtration system more frequently if your home is exposed to pet hair, smoke, or excessive dust, like from construction. Breathe much easier this winter and prevent costly maintenance by changing your air filters.

Broken Thermostat

Like with changing air filters, a broken thermostat is generally relatively easy and affordable to repair. If the thermostat is busted, then it won’t signal the HVAC system to turn on.

If your thermostat isn’t working correctly, troubleshoot to check for common complications. Check the power resource of your thermostat to ensure a wire isn’t loose, the battery isn’t dead or a fuse isn’t blown.

Next, clean the thermostat. Often dust and dirt can build up leading to issues.

If you determine it’s time for a new thermostat, upgrade to a programmable, smart thermostat. Smart thermostats present better energy efficiency than more mature models.

The customization allows for ideal temp setting for both convenience and efficiency. When your HVAC unit runs much less frequently, the life span of your product is extended.

Cold Zones

Sometimes it isn’t that your HVAC system stops doing work entirely, it’s that certain parts of your house aren’t getting or keeping warm. These frigid zones indicate a problem together with your unit. The reason why for a cold zone may differ. If you have zone heat, the thermostat or interior duct valves might need repairs.

For traditional HVAC systems, frigid zones can indicate that the duct do the job is clogged and necessities cleaning. If the cold area is in a remote portion of your home, maybe your HVAC unit needs fixes and is working drastically harder to force out the air.

Regardless, call the Jacksonville HVAC authorities to schedule repairs. Freezing zones signify a difficulty and should come to be dealt with quickly in order to avoid unnecessary damage.

Old HVAC System

HVAC systems are designed to previous for 15 to twenty years. Whenever your unit approaches that years, you may get started experiencing problems. While repairs quite often work, an older unit might need to be replaced so that you can properly heat your residence.

Not only will a fresh system have fewer concerns and maintain better internal heat range control, but new HVAC devices are more energy conserving than older styles. When you use a new HVAC product, your monthly energy bill is going down.

When selecting a fresh HVAC unit, utilize a trusted HVAC professional to choose the best manufacturer and model for your house. The size of your house will determine how big is the HVAC unit which will work best for you.

Decide on a trusted brand with a solid guarantee for best results.

Poor Insulation

If your home is no longer staying warm, even when your HVAC system is operating constantly, your insulation may be the issue. Before you purchase a new HVAC system, have the insulation in your house inspected. Over time, insulation compacts reducing its performance.

Also, insulation can become damaged from drinking water leakage or pests. While insulation is made to last for several years, additional insulation almost always creates energy efficiency.

When you schedule HVAC maintenance, ask for a free estimate for attic insulation. When your HVAC unit doesn’t have to are hard to keep your home warm, you extend the life of your unit.

While HVAC units must be replaced every 15 to 20 years, with intelligent strategies you can prevent maintenance and extend the life of your unit.

First, notice the common winter HVAC problems and quickly rectify them. Likewise, be strategic in your treatment and maintenance. Regularly clean your air filters, plan preventative maintenance, clean air vents, upgrade to a smart thermostat and install brand-new insulation.

Tips for Maintaining Your HVAC System

HVAC is a year-round necessity; these systems help us keep warm in the winter and cool during the summer. With continuous utilization such as this, an air conditioner can be under lots of strain, and it can ultimately break down. To prevent this from occurring, it is good to perform routine HVAC maintenance and catch an issue before it has occurred.

Moreover, apart from HVAC system repairs, completely replacing an air conditioner can lead to even more costs. It is thus imperative to adopt the important methods for avoiding costly HVAC repairs. The sooner you understand that there is an issue, or the even more checks you deploy to avoid an issue from occurring in the first place, the lower will become your HVAC maintenance costs.

An HVAC system is similar to a car – it needs proper care and maintenance to function properly and extend its lifespan. A properly working HVAC system is one which will keep your home snug or amazing for several years to come. But the pre-requisite for this longevity is usually HVAC maintenance, which is essential.

There are multiple benefits for keeping your HVAC system in top-notch condition. Are you looking for ways to be more energy effective and lower your monthly energy costs? Here are simply a few tips and tricks you can try to reduce your HVAC energy utilization:


Did you know that each level you lower (or increase ) your thermostat nearer to the outdoor temperatures can help lessen your heating system or cooling expenses by one percent? Based on the U. S. Dept. of Strength, adjusting your thermostat nearer to the outdoor temperatures for an interval of 8 time can have a substantial impact on your cooling and heating costs. This doesn’t mean you need to be unpleasant. If it’s frosty outside, make an effort adding another blanket, and if it’s nice, make an effort sleeping with a light sheet rather.


Filthy air filters can limit your HVAC system’s airflow, making your air conditioning equipment or heater work harder than essential to keep your house comfortable.

An overworked program can boost your energy bill, not forgetting cause deterioration on your own system’s parts. Home owners should check their surroundings filters at least one time a month and tidy or replace them if they become filthy or clogged.

Frequently replacing your air conditioning filter will not just help you keep one’s body running efficiently, nonetheless it may also improve indoor quality of air.


Do you typically forget to modify the thermostat when you go out? A programmable thermostat can help you better regulate temperatures (and save strength ) when you’re not house. Homeowners can software the thermostat to modify the temperature during moments of your day when they are usually not house such as for example when they are in work or during holiday.


Another way to save lots of on your own monthly energy costs is certainly by making certain there are zero drafts in your house. Actually, the Department of Strength estimates that property owners can save around 30% on the energy expenses by sealing air leakages and closing up drafty home windows.

Among the easiest ways to prevent a draft can be by rolling up a towel and inserting it over the crack where in fact the surroundings is certainly escaping. You can create a far more strong surroundings seal by filling a scrap of cloth with sand and inserting the draft safeguard over the drafty area.


Just like your automobile, your home’s HVAC program needs regular tune-ups to continue to keep it running well and efficiently. Though devices vary predicated on manufacturer, it is strongly recommended that you will get your air conditioning equipment and heater serviced at least one time a year.

Throughout your planned preventative repair visit, a skilled HVAC technician can make sure your equipment is tidy and well-lubricated. They’ll also look for any repair wants and recommend the very best fix. By making certain all your system’s parts will be in working purchase, you could work to prevent much more serious service needs later on.

Getting the HVAC program serviced at least one time a year can not only assist you to maintain or improve program efficiency, nonetheless it can likewise prolong the life span of the unit.